How to join the Indian army after Graduation in 2021

Before I explain how you can join the Indian army after graduation in 2021 or at the positions after graduation, you must know in which ranks you can join the Indian army in 2021.

Note: If you have read my articles on How to join the Indian army after 10th and after 12th, then you can skip the introduction and begin from here.

In the army, the Indian army ranks are classified into three categories:

1) Commissioned Officers

Commissioned Officers are the leaders of the army and hold command in units from platoon to corps and above. All Army officers join the army as cadets having no insignia at the time of their training. After completion of training, cadets will then be enlisted in the army at the rank of Lieutenant.

Officers are continuously put through different courses and being assessed on merit throughout their career, for promotions and appointments. For lieutenant colonel and colonel, time period in service is also considered for promotions and above colonel promotions are based on selection.

The lowest rank among the commissioned officers is the Lieutenant who wears a two five-pointed stars insignia on his/her shoulders.

Lieutenant-Garima-Yadav
Lieutenant-Garima-Yadav

2) Junior Commissioned officers(JCOs)

Junior Commissioned Officers is a military officer whose rank is lower than Lieutenant and higher than a Havildar. They are promoted from non-commissioned officers. The senior-most officer among Junior commissioned officers is Subedar-Major and below him, the hierarchy is in this manner. (Subedar Major > Subedar > Naib Subedar).

Subedar Major
Subedar Major

3) Other Ranks(ORs)

Other Ranks in the army include Non-commissioned officers(NCOs) and Sepoy(Siphai/Jawan). NCOs are those officers that are promoted from jawans/sepoys or joined the army at the rank of Havildar which is the senior-most rank among the NCOs and below him, the hierarchy is in this manner. (Havildar > Naik > Lance Naik > Sepoy).

Lance-Naik(Left)
Lance Naik (Left)

 

How to Join the Indian Army?

You can join the Indian army in Four ways. These are after:

  • 8th standard.
  • 10th standard.
  • 12th standard
  • Graduation

First, I will mention two types of commissions in the Indian army in which officers join. Let’s have a look.

Types of Commissions

Entry is done in the Indian army in two types of commissions:

I) Permanent Commission

A Permanent Commission allows you to have a career till you retire. It is granted for the candidates that join the army through the entries mentioned below:

  • NDA, Pune – 10+2 pass or 12th pass or it’s equivalent (Through UPSC)
  • IMA, Dehradun – After clearing either Central Defense Service Exam (UPSC),  or by joining through 10+2 Technical Entry Scheme(TES), Technical Graduate Course, AEC (Men) and by University Entry Scheme.

II) Short Service Commission

A Short Service Commission allows you to join the Indian army after the 12th or above as a commissioned officer for 10 or 14 years. After the period of 10 year ends, you have 3 options:

(I) Opt/elect for the Permanent Commission.

(II) Opt-out(Retirement) from the service.

(III) Opt for 4 years of extension. It is must be noted, you can resign anytime during the period of 4 years extension.

After clearing SSC, you will be given training at Officers Training Academy (OTA), Chennai. You can join the army through the entries mentioned below:

  • SSC Non-Technical (Men & Women)
  • SSC Technical (Men & Women)
  • Short Service Commission (NCC) Men & Women
  • Short Service Commission (JAG) Men & Women

How to Join the Army After 8th, 10th and 12th?

I have created the articles on how to join the army after the 8th, 10th and 12th in detail, you can read them here. (after 10th and after 12th).

You can join the army after 8th standard at the posts of Soldier tradesman and this post is only for boys. Once you have cleared 10th standard then you can apply to join the army on the following posts:

  • Soldier General Duty (All arms)
  • Soldier General Duty( Corps of Woman Military Police)
  • Soldier Tradesman
  • Soldier GD (Territorial Army)

If you are not applying for the army after the 10th standard then you can do after 12th, on the following posts:-

  • Military Nursing Service (Only For Women)

    Note-1: If you are a girl aspirant, you can join the army only on this post after 12th pass and then after graduation.


    Note-2: All the posts and entries mentioned below are for boys/men.

  • NDA
  • 10+2 Technical Entry Scheme
  • Army Cadet College
  • Permanent Commission Special list(PCSL)
  • Special Commissioned Officer
  • Soldier Clerk/Store Keeper (All arms)
  • Soldier Technical (Technical Arms, Artillery, Army Air Defence)
  • Soldier Nursing Assistant(Army Medical Corps)/ Nursing Assistant Veterinary (Remount Veterinary Corps)
  • Sepoy Pharma (Army Medical Corps)
  • Catering Service JCOs

How to join the army after Graduation

You can join the Indian army after graduation as a commissioned officer and as JCO/ORs. Let’s discuss them in detail.

If you are an aspirant, you can join the army after graduation as officers through:

  • Graduation UPSC
  • Graduation Non-UPSC
  • Graduation Tech Entries
  • Miscellaneous Entries

I)As Officers

All ranks/schemes/posts that come under commissioned officer ranks are mentioned below:-

A)Graduation UPSC

Now, let’s discuss these in detail.

1) Short Service Commission (Non-Technical Women and Men)

You can join the army through SSC Non-Technical Women/men after graduation. To apply for this, you have to undergo Central Defense Examination which is organized twice a year i.e July and November notified by the Union Public Service Commission.

The SSC Non-Tech women have 12 vacancies per course and SSC Non -Tech Men has 175 vacancies.

Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility criteria is the same for both men and women. So Before applying, you must fulfill the following requirements:-

1. Nationality

You must either be:-

  1. A citizen of India
  2. A subject of Nepal
  3. A person of origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka and East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam intending to permanently settle in India.

    Notes: 

    1. Candidates belonging to categories 2 and 3 must have a certificate of eligibility issued by the Government of India in their favor.
    2. Certificate of eligibility is not necessary in the case of those candidates who are Gorkha subjects of Nepal.

2. Age Limit

Your age must be between 19 to 25 years.


Notes:

  1. Only the Date of Birth mentioned in the Matriculation/Secondary School Examination or an equivalent certificate will be accepted.  Apart from these, no other documents relating to age will be considered.
  2. Candidates should know that once a date of birth has been claimed by them and entered in the records, after this no change will be allowed on them on any grounds whatsoever.

3. Qualification – Graduation from Recognized University.

4. Marital Status – Unmarried

5. How to Apply- To apply online, you can refer to this Youtube video here.

6. Additional Details

  • SSB Interview Date:-

    Women: Jun / July and Nov / Dec, Men: Nov / Dec and May / Jun

  • Date of Commencement of Training – Oct and Apr
  • Training Academy – OTA Chennai
  • Duration of Training -49 weeks

Selection and Training

After clearing your UPSC exam, you have to go through a 5-day period SSB interview, once SSB recommends you, then you will be medically examined according to the medical standards of the army and if you are “Medically Fit,” after this, you are fit to join OTA Chennai and undergo training for the period of 49 weeks.

Once your training is completed, you will be granted the rank of Lieutenant under the short service commission.

Notification to join the army through SSC Technical(Men and Women) and SSC Non-Technical(Widows of Defense Personnel) is out, click here to check details.

2) Indian Military Academy, Dehradun [Only for Men]

You can take the Central Defense Examination conducted by UPSC while you are in your final year of graduation/or possess any graduation degree.

After clearing your UPSC exam, you have to go through a 5-day period SSB interview, once SSB recommends you, then you will be medically examined according to the medical standards of the army and if you are “Medically Fit,” after this, you are fit to join IMA, Dehradun and undergo training for the period of 1.5 years.

IMA has around 200 vacancies, and you can apply twice a year.

Eligibility Criteria

Before applying, you must fulfill the following requirements mentioned in the table below:-

Vacancies per course200, You can apply twice a year
Age19 to 24 yrs
QualificationGraduation from Recognised University.
Marital StatusUnmarried
Notification Jul and Nov at joinindianarmy.nic.in
SSB DateAug / Sep and Feb / Mar
Date Commencement of Training January and July
Training AcademyIMA, Dehradun
Duration of Training1.5 years

The selection and training procedure is the same but the only difference is you will get trained at IMA, Dehradun for a period of 1.5 years. Once your training is completed, you will be enlisted as a Lieutenant in the Indian army under permanent commission.

 

(B) Graduate Non-UPSC

Under Graduate Non-UPSC, you can join the army after graduation through:

1) NCC (SPL) Entry Women and Men

You can join the army through NCC(SPL) Entry for Women and Men after graduation. To apply for this, you have to undergo an SSB interview directly. You can apply twice a year, notification of which comes out in the months of June and December.

The NCC (SPL) Entry Women have 4 vacancies per course and NCC (SPL) Entry Men has 50 vacancies per course.

Eligibility Criteria

Before applying, you must fulfill the following requirements:-

1. Age Limit

Your age limit is more than 19 and less than 25 years.

2. Qualification

In graduation, you must have scored 50% aggregate marks and 2-3 years service in the NCC Senior Division Army with a minimum ‘B’ grade in ‘C’ Certificate Exam.

3. Marital Status – Unmarried

4. Additional Details

  • SSB Interview Date:- Dec / Jan and Jun / July [Same for Men and Women]
  • Date of Commencement of Training – Apr and Oct
  • Training Academy – OTA Chennai
  • Duration of Training – 49 weeks

Selection and Training

Here, you directly have to go for SSB and the rest of the procedure is the same as mentioned above but the only difference is you will be trained at the OTA, Chennai for 49 weeks. Once your training is completed, you will be enlisted as a Lieutenant in the Indian army under SSC.

2) Judge Advocate General (Women and Men)

JAG is the legal branch of the Indian Army and looks into matters related to military law, military justice and military court-martials. This department consists of those army officers who are educated in military law and provide legal help to the army in humanitarian issues and other military aspects.

As a girl/boy, you join this department by directly going through an SSB interview. You will be notified of this entry in notifications published in the newspaper or here, in the months of Jul/Aug and Jan/Feb.

This entry has 4 vacancies for women and 10 vacancies for men and you can apply for this twice a year.

Eligibility Criteria (JAG)

Before applying, you must fulfill the following requirements:-

1. Age Limit

Your age must be between 21 to 27 years.

2. Qualification

  • Graduated with LLB degree with 55% marks
  • You must be eligible for registration with the Bar Council of India/State.

3. Marital Status – Unmarried

4. Additional Details

  • SSB Interview Date:-

    Women: December / January and June / July; Men: December / January and July / August

  • Date of Commencement of Training – April and October
  • Training Academy – OTA Chennai
  • Duration of Training – 49 weeks

Selection and Training

Here, you directly have to go for SSB and the rest of the procedure is the same as mentioned under NCC- Special Entry Men and Women.

 

(C) Graduate Technical Entries

Under Graduate Technical Entries, you can join the army after graduation through:

1) Short Service Commission (Technical) Women and Men

You can join the army through SSC Technical Women and Men after graduation. To apply for this, you check for the notifications published in the newspaper or at joinindianarmy.nic.in, in the months of June / July and December/January.

This has 20 vacancies for Women and 100 for Men which increase/decrease according to circumstances and you can apply for this twice a year.

Eligibility Criteria

Before applying, you must fulfill the following requirements:-

1. Age Limit

Your age must be between 20 to 27 years.

2. Qualification- Engineering Degree in a notified stream.

3. Marital Status – Unmarried

4. Additional Details

  • SSB Interview Date:- December / January and June / July
  • Date of Commencement of Training – April and October
  • Training Academy – OTA Chennai
  • Duration of Training – 49 weeks

Selection and Training

Here, you directly have to go for SSB and the rest of the procedure is the same as mentioned under SSC Non-Tech Women and Men.

2) University Entry Scheme [Men]

This entry is only for those candidates who wish to apply for Army in their Pre-Final Year Engineering Degree or Final Year Degree. The notifications for this entry is published in the Newspaper or at the official Indian army site joinindianarmy.nic.in, either in June or July.

There are over 60 vacancies for this entry and the number can increase/decrease according to the requirements of the Indian army. You can apply for this entry twice a year.

Eligibility Criteria

Before applying, you must fulfill the following requirements:-

1. Age Limit

Your age must be between 18 to 24 years

2. Qualification- Only those candidates who are in their Pre-Final Year of Engineering are qualified to apply for this entry.

3. Marital Status – Unmarried

4. Additional Details

  • SSB Interview Date:- November to February
  • Date of Commencement of Training – July
  • Training Academy – IMA, Dehradun
  • Duration of Training – 1 year

Selection and Training

You will have to go through an SSB interview and medical examination, after this you will be enrolled in IMA, Dehradun according to the vacancies available at that time. At IMA, you will be trained for one year.

On successful completion of training, cadets will be granted the rank of Lieutenant under permanent commission.

3) Technical Graduate Course(Only for men)

If you are in your final year or you have completed Bachelors of Engineering(BE)/ Bachelors of Technology(B Tech) in notified streams then you can join IMA after the graduation through TGC course. The notifications for this course are published in a newspaper or at the official army site in the months of Mar/Apr and Sep/Oct.

There are over 60 vacancies for this entry and the number can increase/decrease according to the requirements of the Indian army. You can apply for this entry twice a year.

Eligibility Criteria

Before applying, you must fulfill the following requirements:-

1. Age Limit

Your age limit is more than 20 years but less than 27 years.

2. Qualification- Only those candidates who have completed BE / B Tech in notified streams of Engineering are qualified to apply for this entry.

3. Marital Status – Unmarried

4. Additional Details

  • SSB Interview Date:- March / April and September / October
  • Date of Commencement of Training – January and July
  • Training Academy – IMA, Dehradun
  • Duration of Training – 1 year

Selection and Training

You will have to go through an SSB interview and medical examination, after this you will be enrolled in IMA, Dehradun according to the vacancies available at that time. At IMA, you will be trained for one year.

You will be granted Permanent Commission or probation in the rank of Lieutenant (Lt.). from the date of your final selection in the case of final year students and from the date of your joining the final year class in the case of pre-final year students.

Notification for Technical Graduate Course – 133 is out. To know more then Click here.

4) AEC Men

If you have passed Post Graduate Degree MA/M.Sc in subjects as per Notification /M.Com/MCA/MBA with 1st or 2nd Division then you can the army through AEC. Final Year appearing/Result awaiting students are not eligible.

The notifications for this course are published in a newspaper or at the official army site in the months of Mar/Apr and Sep/Oct.

There are over 20 vacancies for this entry and the number can increase/decrease according to the requirements of the Indian army. You can apply for this entry twice a year.

Eligibility Criteria

Before applying, you must fulfill the following requirements:-

1. Age Limit

Your age must be between 23 to 27 years

2. Qualification- Only those candidates who have completed MA / MSc /M Com/ MCA /MBA in 1st or 2nd division in notified subjects from a recognized university. are qualified to apply for this entry.

3. Marital Status – Unmarried and Married

4. Additional Details

  • SSB Interview Date:- March / April and September / October
  • Date of Commencement of Training – January and July
  • Training Academy – IMA, Dehradun
  • Duration of Training – 1 year

Selection and Training

You will have to go through an SSB interview and medical examination, after this you will be enrolled in IMA, Dehradun according to the vacancies available at that time. At IMA, you will be trained for one year.

You will be granted Permanent Commission or probation in the rank of Lieutenant (Lt.). from the date of your final selection in the case of final year students and from the date of your joining the final year class in the case of pre-final year students.

(D) Notes and How to apply procedure

Below, I have mentioned some things, please go through them and then proceed forward:-

  1. Nationality is the same for IMA, Graduate Non-UPSC and Tech entries as mentioned for SSC Non-Tech Men and Women.
  2. Age notes are the same for IMA, Graduate Non-UPSC and Tech entries as mentioned for SSC Non – Tech Men and Women
  3. In order to know how to apply the procedure for officer ranks please click here.
(E) Miscellaneous Entries

Under Miscellaneous entries, you can join the army through:-

1) Territorial Army

The Territorial Army is the second line of defense set up on Oct 9th, 1949, It is the part of the regular Indian army and ensures the security of the nation from internal threats and supporting the Indian army whenever it is needed.

It is meant for those people who weren’t able to join the army due to some unforeseen circumstances and have crossed the minimum age requirements to enter the Indian army.

There are two ways for you to join the TA army and these are:

  • an officer for graduates and working professionals
  • a jawan on the posts of Soldier GD/Soldier Clerk/Soldier Tradesman.

Here, I will explain, how to join TA as officers but if you want to know on how to join TA as a jawan then click here.

The TA releases notifications regarding joining it twice a year but the number of vacancies will only be specified in its notification.

Eligibility Criteria

Before applying, you must fulfill the following requirements:-

1. Age Limit

Your age limit is 18 to 42 years.

2. Qualification- Only those candidates who have completed graduation from a recognized university are qualified to apply for this entry.

3. Marital Status – Unmarried and Married

4. Additional Details

  • SSB Interview Date:- Aug / Sep & May / Jun
  • Training

    (i) Recruit Training – 30 days in Territorial Army Battalion. ;(ii) Annual Training Camp – Two calendar months in each training year.; (iii) Post Commission Training – Three months in IMA within two years of commissioning.

Selection Procedure


  •  Candidates whose application forms are found correct will be called for screening (written exam followed by interview only if passed in written exam) by a Preliminary Interview Board (PIB) by the respective
    Territorial Army Group Headquarters.
  • Successful candidates will further undergo a Service Selection Board (SSB) Interview and Medical examination conducted by Medical Board for final selection.
  • Vacancies of candidates(Male/Female) will be determined as per organizational requirements.
2) Remount Veterinary Corps (RVC)

The Remount and Veterinary Corps is among one of the important branches of the Indian army and is tasked with:

  • Procurement
  • Breeding and training of the animals.
  • Prevention and treatment of infectious diseases in animals.

After graduation, you can join the RVC and the RVC releases notifications in the months of Nov / Dec but the number of vacancies will only be specified in its notification.

Eligibility Criteria

Before applying, you must fulfill the following requirements:-

1. Age Limit

Your age must be between 21 to 32 years.

2. Qualification- Only those candidates who have passes the Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry (BVSc & AH) from a recognized university are qualified to apply for this entry.

3. Marital Status – Unmarried and Married

4. Additional Details

  • SSB Interview Date:- Aug / Sep & May / Jun
  • Training

    Training Academy – RVC, Meerut; Duration of Training – 3 months

(F)Promotion Under SSC

For Short Service Commissioned Female officer, the promotions will be done in the manner shown in the table.

Ranks FromRanks ToRecognisable Years of Service
LieutenantCaptain2 years
CaptainMajor4 years
MajorLieutenant Colonel7 years

After this, you can opt for permanent commission, take retirement, or take an extension of 4 more years of service.

II)As JCOs/ORs

After graduation, You can join the Indian army at the rank of:-

  • Naib Subedar through Religious Teacher JCO
  • Havildar through Education Havildar and Surveyor Auto Carto Engineers

Let’s have a look at posts through which you can join the JCOs ranks detail:-

1) Religious Teacher (JCO)

After graduation, you can join the army as a Pandit, Maulvi(Sunni), Granthi and Padre as a Religious Teacher. Your role as a Religious Teacher would be to preach religious scriptures to the troops and conduct various rituals at Regimental or unit religious institutions. Additional duties will also include:-

  • Attending a Funeral.
  • Ministering to the Sick in the Hospitals.
  • Reading prayers with the convalescents.
  • Visiting soldiers undergoing sentence.
  • Giving special religious instructions to the children and enlisted boys.

Eligibility Criteria

Before applying, you must fulfill the following requirements:-

1. Age Limit

Your age must be between 25 to 34 years.

2. Qualification- Only those candidates who have completed graduation in religion from a recognized university are qualified to apply for this entry.

3. Marital Status – Unmarried and Married

4. Selection Procedure

  • As a candidate, you first have to write 2 papers, Paper-I and Paper-II where you will be tested on General Awareness and knowledge of the religion you applied for in your application, respectively.
  • You would be shortlisted based on marks only in Paper-2 and then will have to under interview conducted by a board of officers at 1 ASC Trg Centre, Bangalore and 39 GTC, Varanasi as applicable. You must score a minimum of 50 out of 100 marks (50%) to qualify for the interview.
  • After being selected, you will be enrolled at Basic Training at BEG and Centre, Kirkee and have to undergo 06 weeks of training followed by 11 weeks of training specific to religions you applied in your application, at the Institute of National Integration (INI), Pune.

After this, you will be enlisted in the army at the posts of a Naib Subedar.

2) Education Havildar

After graduation, you join as an Education Havildar, basically, in this post, you will educate those soldiers who have joined the army after the 8th and 10th standards.

Eligibility Criteria

Before applying, you must fulfill the following requirements:-

1. Age Limit

Your age must be between 21 – 25 Years.

2. Qualification-


For Group X- Only those candidates who have completed -MA/MSC/MCA or BA/BSC/BCA with Bed BSC(IT); For Group Y – BSC/BA/BCA (IT) without BEd, from a recognized university are qualified to apply for this entry.

3. Selection Procedure

  • As a candidate, you first have to write an exam.
  • After clearing the exam then you will have to under interview conducted at AEC Training College and
    Centre, Pachmarhi.
  • After being selected, you will be enrolled in the Army Educational Corps and will undergo Military and
    Technical Training for approximately one year at AEC Training College and Centre,
    Pachmarhi (MP). Rejection can take place at any stage during training also.

After this, you will be enlisted in the army at the posts of an Education Havildar.

3)Surveyor Automated Cartographer (Engineers)

This is the golden opportunity for all Mathematics Graduates to join the army after graduation as a SAC Havildar. You will be directly recruited into the Corps of Engineers. Your duties as a SAC include:-

  • the advancement in the field of Digital Cartography and Geographic information System(GIS)
  • To integrate GIS-enabled Decision Support Systems as Force Multipliers for the army.

Eligibility Criteria

Before applying, you must fulfill the following requirements:-

1. Age Limit

Your age limit must be between 20 – 25 Years.

2. Qualification- Only those candidates who have completed BA/BSC with Maths 10+2 (Math & Science) from a recognized university are qualified to apply for this entry.

3. Marital Status – Unmarried and Married

4. Selection Procedure

  • As a candidate, you have to undergo a screening test where your documents will be checked, and then you have to go through physical fitness test and medical examination.
  • After this, you have to write an exam at your respective HQ Recruiting Zone.
  • After being selected, you will be enrolled in the BEG Centre, Roorkie and will undergo 19 weeks of basic training.
  • After this, you will be enlisted in the army at the posts of a SAC Havildar.
4) How to apply online

For your convenience, I have explained in detail about how to apply in my article :- How to join the Indian army after 10th, you check the applying process by clicking here.

Conclusion

In conclusion, it can be said that you can join the army after graduation as officers through Graduation UPSC/Non-UPSC/Tech entries/Miscellaneous entries. After Graduation, one can enter the army through Graduation UPSC from entries like IMA, Dehradun and SSC Non-Tech Men and Women.

After this, one can join the army through Graduation Non-UPSC from entries like NCC Special Men and Women and JAG (Men and Women). After this comes, graduation tech entries which include SSC Tech Men and Women, UES, TGC and AEC Men and then comes the final and the last route to join the army after graduation which is Miscellaneous entries which include Territorial Army and RVC.

You can also join the army at the ranks of JCOs and ORs i.e. Naib Subedar through Religious Teacher entry and Havildar through Education Havildar and Surveyor Automated Cartographers entries.

 

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